Wednesday, July 17, 2019
International Journal of Law, Humanities & Social Science

ISSN(ONLINE) :2521-0793
ISSN :(PRINT) :2521-0785

Volume 3 - Issue 3

Paper Type: Research Paper
Title: Data Protection and Privacy Issues in Sports Administration in Nigeria
Research Area: Privacy Law
Author(s): Prof. Timothy Ifedayo Akomolede and Dr Bernard Oluwafemi Jemilohun

Abstract: Sports administration in Nigeria is both a public and a private issue and as both levels of government are involved, a lot of records and personal information is involved.  It is common knowledge that the advent of information communication technology has made information creation and dissemination much easier and faster than before and this calls for effective regimes for the protection of personal information. This article examines the evolution of sports administration in Nigeria and the place of informational privacy and data protection. It points out that though the field of sports law in Nigeria is a developing field of law, there is the need for the parties involved to ensure that risks are minimised while the integrity of sports is preserved. Since sports practitioners and administrators collate and process data from time to time, they must recognise the limits that are imposed on the use, transfer and exchange of such data.  The article draws lessons from other jurisdictions and points out though there are Guidelines for data protection in Nigeria, she does not yet have an effective data protection regime and thus much needs to be done to protect personal information in the field of sports as well as other fields.

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Paper Type:  Concept Paper
Title: Developments in Corporate Social Responsibility and Its Practice in Developing Countries
Research Area: 
Law
Author(s): Perry Ackon 

Abstract: Corporate Social Responsibility has gone through many changes structurally and context wise. The essence of this concept, which is more often than not philanthropically motivated, has however not seen much change as modern companies due to benevolence and obligation under the law have been faithful to the cause of supporting development in their localities and countries. The influence of time and globalization on concepts and theories of humanity has been no different from corporate social responsibility. Over the years we have witnessed how this concept has metamorphosed to suit the changing demands of states especially those categorised as developing countries. This academic piece highlights the developments of corporate social responsibility within legal statutes and also takes a look at current practices of the concept in developing countries within the main regions of Latin America, Asia and Africa. This legal perspective presents a whole new front to enable efficient championing of the corporate social responsibility course.

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Paper Type: Research Paper
Title: Privacy Laws in the Context of Fintech Industry in Mauritius: A Comparative Study
Research Area: Privacy Law
Author(s): Ambareen Beebeejaun

Abstract: Financial technology also known as FinTech is experiencing a phenomenal growth across the globe. Consequently, given the numerous opportunities provided by the FinTech sector, Mauritius has been since the year 2016 been engaged in various endeavours to promote the development of this industry. Nevertheless, the implementation of internet technology and digitalisation of the financial services sectors such as online payment, wealth management, insurance, virtual currency or peer-to-peer lending are likely to cause significant regulatory issues. Hence, it is against this background that the study intends to assess the legal framework with the view of determining whether the existing laws of Mauritius are effective in addressing the challenges that emerge from the rapid growth of FinTech. The research will focus only on data protection as a matter of regulatory concern. The method used for the research is in essence comprised of the black letter approach whereby analysis is made on the laws of Mauritius to assess their effectiveness in tackling new challenges posed by the FinTech sector in relation to data protection. In line with that, the related laws of some other jurisdictions will be examined with a view to seeking recommendations that may be of use to Mauritius stakeholders. Finally, the doctrinal approach will be used so as to critically analyse studies carried out by eminent scholars on the legal issues of FinTech. The paper aims at responding to the research objective set out above. In particular, it is recommended that an amendment to Mauritius laws is necessary in order to create a legal framework that will be more conducive to protect various stakeholders concerned in the FinTech sector. Principally, the Mauritius Data Protection Act 2017 and the regulatory framework will need to be revised in order to promote Mauritius as a sound and attractive investment and business centre. In addition, common consensus agrees that FinTech entails the risk of cybercrimes and money laundering. As such, future scope of research can be focused on the effectiveness of cybercrimes laws as well as anti-money laundering laws in Mauritius in addressing the aforementioned challenges further to the emergence of the FinTech industry in the country. This study is amongst the first research conducted that assesses the efficiency of data protection laws in the context of the FinTech industry.

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Paper Type: Research Paper
Title: Addressing the Political and Bureaucratic Challenges of Public Administration in Local Governance for Africa: Lessons from China
Research Area: Social Science  
Author(s): Evans Tetteh 

Abstract: Local governance is an important conduit for delivering developmental initiatives to the citizenry. It empowers the people through broader participation in policymaking and governance through the decentralization of authority. Public administration is an indispensable part of local governance structure, but not without political and bureaucratic challenges. These challenges are more glaring in developing countries due to weaker institutions, corruption and increased rate of political interference. Africa is seemingly the least developed continent of the world but working assiduously through the political and economic engagements with other advanced nations for her development. In that regard, China’s relation with Africa has reached an unprecedented level, with China currently being Africa’s largest trading partner. Studies into China-Africa relations are on the rise, but very few discuss how the relations can be useful in addressing the political and bureaucratic challenges of public administration in the local governance of Africa. This paper by employing a qualitative research method and applying the interaction school of thoughts in public administration, analyzes the political and bureaucratic influence on public administration in Africa’s local governance. It further discusses how Africa can draw lessons through her cooperation and engagement with China for addressing such challenges. The study concludes that China provides many opportunities at the bilateral, regional and multilateral levels for interactions with Africa. Africa should through such avenues, learn from China’s reforms and the fight against corruption, then human resource development through direct contacts, to help in addressing the challenges. 

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Paper Type: Research Paper
Title: Corpse Mystification and Nigeria’s Cultural Values on Cadaveric Organ Donation: Reflections on the Shifting Paradigms of Culture, Religion, and Law
Research Area: Social Science
Author(s): Olusola Babatunde Adegbite  

Abstract: Nigeria’s cadaveric donation framework is in a parlous state, and this unenviable position is a manifestation of one key factor i.e. the society’s heavily saturated environment of culture and tradition, as well as the role of religion. Prior to the law, matters of the cadaveric donation was hampered bycenturies-old customary practices, norms, and traditions connected to corpse mystification and ancestors’ worship, most of which regarded the act as a serious taboo. The boldest attempt at regulating cadaveric donation took place with the signing into law of the National Health Act 2014. However, even though this law has come to stay, it has also been largely criticized as overly western in substance, and totally disconnected from those it was meant to govern. It is against this background, that this Paper explores the contests and conflicts between these age-long customs/traditions, religion, and the law, with a view to highlighting the underlying flashpoints. This Paper makes the argument that the current law should be celebrated as a major departure from these harsh practices and further advocates the need for it to be embraced by all and sundry. This Paper reaches the conclusion that if the potentials in the current law are properly appropriated, it offers a historic opportunity for further gains in the near future.

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Paper Type: Research Paper
Title: Arranged/Love Marriage: Influence of Bangladeshi Skilled Migrant Parents in Sydney on Their Children’s Marital Partner Choice
Research Area: Marriage, Migration and Integration
Author(s): Kazi Sharmin Rashid 

Abstract: This paper draws upon qualitative interview data to illustrate the family influence on marital partner choice of children of Bangladeshi skilled migrants in Sydney. An analysis of interview data suggests that Bangladeshi skilled migrant parents are perceived to be most influential in shaping their children’s perception of arranged or love marriage and spousal selection. The ways in which parents socialize their children around spousal selection are diverse, though, more or less, interweaved with transnational family ties as well as Bangladeshi migrant community in Sydney. However, their views on this issue change over time and context. The diversity and fluidity of parental influence challenge the dominant Western representations of migrant Muslim parents as a traditionalist, collectivist and autocratic in their influence on the marital partner choices of their children.

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Paper Type: Research Paper
Title: Alternative Dispute Resolution Process in Family Matters under Legal Framework of Bangladesh: Challenges and Ways out
Research Area:  Law
Author(s): Md. Deedarul Islam Bhuiyan 

Abstract: Bangladesh, historically, inherits informal dispute settlement processes, including Panchayet/ Salish at grassroots or village level. Due to the large volume of suits, unbearable sufferings, inerasable stigmatizing and burdensome costs, our formal court system has been losing its popularity. In contrast, the system of resolving the dispute alternatively (which called as Alternative Dispute Resolution or ADR) has been gaining its grounds to subdue shortcomings of our formal judicial system. The nature and characteristics of most of the family disputes, if not all, justify locating such disputes under the umbrella of ADR. Reasonably, our policymakers have searched for possible alternatives and emphasized in incorporating ADR mechanisms in different legislations to settle family disputes. However, ADR mechanisms in relation to family matters have yet to result in desirable outcomes because of some statutory limitations and practical challenges. Different actors associated with the family dispute resolution process have often been blaming or shifting responsibilities to each other for existing loopholes in settling family dispute alternatively. It is, however, to be submitted unequivocally that the challenges of ADR in family matters under the legal framework of Bangladesh are not unconquerable, but we need to find out feasible ways out to overcome those challenges. In this paper, after due analysis of relevant legal provisions, an attempt would be made to identify challenges within our legal framework and to explore the possible ways out so that our legal system may accommodate better mechanisms for resolving family disputes in an alternative way.

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Paper Type: Research Paper
Title: Domestic Violence in Bangaldesh: Human Rights Prespective
Research Area: 
Social Science
Author(s): 
Md Jakir Hossain 

Abstract: Violence against Women is a major threat to the rural Bangladesh. Despite remarkable achievements in the field of women’s development and bearing a magnanimous history of women’s movement, incidences of violence against women are still burning issues. It is qualitative research. It is not easy to guess whether violence against women has decreased or increased over the past decades because of lack of reliable baseline survey but in absolute term, the number of incidences is on the increase. The majority of women are domestically violated by their husbands, in-laws and other family members. This Paper makes an attenpt to make a sense about the types, reasons, and domestic violence against women in rural Bangladesh, collecting data and analysis from different sources. For these reasons, we have selected 118 respondents to identify the socio-economic and demographic status and causes of domestic violence.

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