Sunday, November 17, 2019
International Journal of Law, Humanities & Social Science

ISSN(ONLINE) :2521-0793
ISSN :(PRINT) :2521-0785

Volume 3 - Issue 6

Research Area: Social Science
Title: Students’ Development in Reading and Response: A Way of First Additional Language Learning
Keywords: Affordance, Constructivism, Language Learning, Reading and Response, Social Practice
Author(s): Dr. Manthekeleng Agnes Linake
Author’s Institution: Faculty of Education, University of Fort Hare Alice Campus, South Africa 

Abstract: The aim of the study was to investigate reading with the use of English First Additional Language (FAL) in South African Universities. The objectives included enabling students to learn reading in order to promote their’ reading to such a level that they can continue reading to learn and not learning to read-only. The researcher was interested in exploring broader trends in reading strategies, instructions and training for students with the intention of contributing possible strategies to address the training of students for their role as literacy instructors in English as well as in multilingual education in South Africa. It was an interpretive study based on a case study design that covered the duration of four years. The findings showed that language learning could be easier if it is considered as a social practice with academic purpose. The study concluded that students prefer to be taught in English although most see it as a barrier to learning. 

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Research Area: Social Science
Title: The Objections Encountered by Chinese Foreign Policy When Relying on Its Non-Interference Guiding Principle in the Sudan Conflict
Keywords: No-Interference Principle, China’s Foreign Policy, China-Sudan Relations
Author(s): Dennis KAPYATA
Author’s Institution: Government and International Relations, Hong Kong Baptist University, China 

Abstract: Recently, China obstructed an intended international interference in the Sudan conflict at the UN Security Council when President Omar al-Bashir was overthrown in April 2019. Indeed, this is not the first time China has swiftly been involved in blocking interference in Sudan affairs on the basis of the non-interference norm, even in 2008 Sudan-Darfur conflict, China relied on the same principle to shield Sudan from global intrusion, but later changed its approach. This article examines the factors that prompted China to adjust her foreign policy concerning its relations with Africa especially the non-interference norm in Sudan and to what extent did China adjust the norm? The international relations between China and Sudan offer a perfect yardstick of how China edited its foreign policy stance in order to react to the brutal skirmishes in Sudan. It aims to unpack the reasons as to why China changed its goal posts using Sino-Sudan relations as a case study to show how China inclined to her non-intervention international relation foreign policy during the initial phases of the conflict in Sudan but later on as a result of heavy criticism and confrontation with the parties to the Sudanese conflict, it prompted China to revise its commitment to the non-interference strategy. My main argument is that what prompted China to change its mask from non-interference to interference in the conflict was as a result of both internal and external pressures. Therefore, does that mean that China changes its game plan according to the prevailing political game?

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Research Area: Law
Title: The Nigerian Consumer and Hospitality Services: Interrogation of the Law and Policy
Keywords: Consumer, Hospitality, Tourism, Law, Policy, Industry
Author(s): Dr. Jacob Otu Enyia and Sunday Usang Otu
Author’s Institution: Department of Commercial and Industrial Law, Faculty of Law, University of Calabar, Nigeria 

Abstract: The Nigerian Tourism Sector is an evolving one in terms of law and policy as it affects the protection of the consumer of hospitality services. The need to adopt global best practices for enhanced consumer protection calls for the evaluation of the vexed and challenging issues that negatively affect guests and tourists in the Hospitality Industry via case by case review. The prevalence of unsatisfactory services rendered by the service providers called “Inn-keepers or hoteliers” and their employees, insecurity, inadequate protection of the chattels particularly the vehicles, defective facilities, misrepresentation, negligent driving and the facilities being used as a safe haven for the perpetration of criminal activities are common problems that have become endemic in the sector so much so that there are plethora of criticisms and calls for robust legal framework to effectively check the trend and regulate the industry. In the United Kingdom, the aforementioned issues have since been addressed by the enactment of the Hotel Proprietors Act of 1956. This paper is aimed at addressing issues bedevilling the hotelier-guest relationship, the liability regime for the negligence of the former in the tourism sector in the light of the regulatory framework with a view of improving consumer satisfaction in the hospitality industry. Advocacy for replication of law and policies from climes like the United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States of America and Israel with experience and economic benefit with a view to portraying shortcomings, relevance and adaptation by the Nigerian Government at Federal, State and Local Government Levels. It is posited that when available legal and institutional policy framework is put in place as well as enforced in Nigeria. The degree of care owed by the hotelier to his guest and unsettled judicial conflicts between Hon. Justice Anya and Adeyi’s authorities will be addressed as it concerns the protection of the consumer in the tourism/hospitality sector.

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Research Area: Law
Title: Chastisement Between Islamic Sharia and the Jordanian Penal Code
Keywords: Chastisement, Justification Ground, Trustee, Desertion
Author(s): Dr. Kefah Alsouri and Dr. Ibtisam Saleh
Author’s Institution: Amman Arab University, Jordan

Abstract: This study addresses chastisement between Islamic Sharia and the Jordanian Penal Code. The Islamic Sharia recognizes the right of chastising children and the wife within legitimacy controls and restrictions. Under Penal Article 62, the Jordanian legislator provides for chastisement where it is considered as one of justification grounds that implies excluding the act from offence and becomes in the context of legitimacy.  Our legislation is based on Islamic Sharia, which is a source of the Jordanian Legal System. In order to fulfil the desired goals of the study, it is necessary to start by identifying the Islamic Sharia position on chastising children and identifying the gradual means for chastising children as well as identifying controls and restrictions. Then we explain the right of chastising children in the Penal Code and its legal conditions to justify chastisement as we identify the position of Jordanian Judiciary on this issue. The study has tackled the chastisement of the wife in Islam and the Penal Code and its restrictions. We have concluded in this study that chastisement in Islamic Sharia and Jordanian Penal Code is restricted by the one who has the right to chastise persons subjected to it, chastisement meaning, and its purposes.

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Research Area: Social Science
Title: Green Open Space Model in Surabaya City
Keywords: Public Green Open Space, Private Green Open Space, Sustainable Development
Author(s): Suryaningsih, Endang Werdiningsih, and Febry Chrisdanty
Author’s Institution: Wisnuwardhana University, Malang, Indonesia 

Abstract: The existence of public Green Open Space in an area can improve the quality of life, form the identity of the community, protect the quality of the environment, increase the economic value of buildings or properties in locations close to Green Open Space, form an “image” an area and also has a value of beauty. The beauty of an area is inseparable from the beauty of the parks and the preservation and green in them. This is important because the park as green open space is expected to be able to provide a sense of comfort, tranquillity, and beauty for people in an area. From the function as well as the benefits of Public Green Open Space, it will be very useful if the procurement of Public Green Open Space is carried out to the maximum. The availability of Green Open Space with functions and benefits that are very much needed by the local residents, which is a serious concern of the government in managing the city by studying and managing Green Open Space properly and becoming integral and parallel to the development of the city in supporting sustainable development. The regulatory components that must be considered in the provision and management of green open space to be optimal are technical arrangements and implementation arrangements. Technical arrangements include forms, standard requirements, and allocation of urban Green Open Space land. Organizational arrangements include the management of Green Open Space (planning, implementation, utilization, and control), institutional, financing, and community participation.

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Research Area: Social Science
Title: Fulani Herdsmen Attacks in Nigeria: A Case of Genocide in the Making
Keywords: Genocide in Nigeria, Crimes against Humanity, Fulani Herdsmen, Mass Killings 
Author(s): Professor Dr. Kaniye S.A. Ebeku
Author’s Institution: University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

Abstract: The existence of public Green Open Space in an area can improve the quality of life, form the identity of the community, protect the quality of the environment, increase the economic value of buildings or properties in locations close to Green Open Space, form an “image” an area and also has a value of beauty. The beauty of an area is inseparable from the beauty of the parks and the preservation and green in them. This is important because the park as green open space is expected to be able to provide a sense of comfort, tranquillity, and beauty for people in an area. From the function as well as the benefits of Public Green Open Space, it will be very useful if the procurement of Public Green Open Space is carried out to the maximum. The availability of Green Open Space with functions and benefits that are very much needed by the local residents, which is a serious concern of the government in managing the city by studying and managing Green Open Space properly and becoming integral and parallel to the development of the city in supporting sustainable development. The regulatory components that must be considered in the provision and management of green open space to be optimal are technical arrangements and implementation arrangements. Technical arrangements include forms, standard requirements, and allocation of urban Green Open Space land. Organizational arrangements include the management of Green Open Space (planning, implementation, utilization, and control), institutional, financing, and community participation.

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Research Area: Law
Title: 
Implementation of Regional Regulation in Supporting Regional Autonomy
Keywords: Regional Taxes, Regional Autonomy, Bureaucrats
Author(s): Sugeng Santoso
Author’s Institution: Universitas Jayabaya, Indonesia 

Abstract: In the atmosphere of regional autonomy, there are so many problems that are overwhelming the regions so that the regions will want to regulate and determine anything freely through regional regulations. In addition, the substance of regional autonomy is not clearly understood in its meaning so that at the level of its implementation many reap the error bias. This problem arises because of the tendency to think of some bureaucrats in South Tangerang City who consider that the main parameter determining the independence of a region in autonomy lies in the amount of Regional Own-Source Revenue. Another problem is juridical technical in the form of regulations which are used as a legal basis for the regions to collect the Regional Own-Source Revenue, both from taxes and from Regional Retribution. The research method used in this study is a normative juridical method that is in answering problems using a legal perspective based on applicable laws and regulations, to then be associated with the situation in the field related to the discussion of the problem. From the results of research on the regional regulations bill proposed by the regional government of South Tangerang City, particularly those related to regional taxes, have not paid attention to the principles of establishing good regional regulations, particularly the principle of transparency, because the purpose of forming regional regulations are all the same, namely in order to increase the regional own-source revenue in order to optimize the implementation of the regional autonomy.

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Research Area: Corporate Governance
Title: The Influence of Corporate Governance Attributes Over the Intellectual Capital Disclosure of Malaysian Public Listed Companies Pre and Post of MCCG 2017 Implementation
Keywords: Intellectual Capital Disclosure, Audit Committee, Board of Independence, Gender Diversity
Author(s): Braham Rahul Ram, Ali Nawari Hassan, and Thow Ting Ting
Author’s Institution: School of Management, University of Science, Malaysia 

Abstract: In this knowledge-based economy, the intellectual capital (IC) plays a significant role in the companies’ value and brings a competitive advantage for the organization. The Securities Commission Malaysia released the new Malaysian Code on Corporate Governance (MCCG) to replace the MCCG 2012 in 2017. This has to lead to investigate more on the requirements of MCCG such as the diversity of the board of directors, independence of directors, remuneration of directors and the effectiveness of audit committee that will influence the IC disclosure after the effective date of MCCG 2017. This study contributes to the practice in the corporate world to further investigate whether the public listed are following the new MCCG requirements, the academic field from the perspective of methodology and the theoretical contribution on the agency theory and resource dependence theory. From the relevant empirical studies is supported that the board independence, gender diversity, director remuneration and the effectiveness of the audit committee have an impact on the intellectual capital disclosure in the organization. We also look into the voluntary disclosure of intellectual capital from the previous relevant research. The data collection of the study is randomly selected 30 listed companies from the population of FTSE Bursa Malaysia Top 100 Index for the year of 2016 to 2018. The financial year selection is to determine the intellectual capital disclosure for pre and post of implementation of MCCG 2017. We have selected several control variables such as firm size, firm leverage, the profitability of firm and type of audit firm that audit the organization. We have conducted the descriptive analysis, content analysis, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Bivariate Pearson Correlation to analyze our data collection. The descriptive analysis is to find out the average of overall intellectual capital disclosure in three years while content analysis is used to analyze the detailed aspects of each intellectual capital disclosure. The one way ANOVA analysis is to determine the significant difference of the intellectual capital disclosure from the years of 2016 to 2018 and the Bivariate Pearson Correlation is to analyze the relationship of the corporate governance attributes over the intellectual capital disclosure.

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